Remembering 30 years ago at EDSA

edsa

Millions flocking at EDSA to call for Ferdinand Marcos’ ouster.

Today is exactly 30 years after Ferdinand Marcos was ousted from power, after more than 20 years as president and dictator, and ascension of Corazon Aquino as president after days of protests at the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or EDSA, as a result of highly polarized but fraudulent results of the snap presidential elections which was called upon by him to quell doubts of his capability to lead the country in midst of declining credibility brought by excesses of Martial Law, assassination of Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino in 1983, severe depression in 1984-85, and presidential succession feud between Imelda Marcos and Juan Ponce Enrile. These events I’ve mentioned, had created doubts whether Ferdinand Marcos could able to survive as president beyond 1990, given the fact that he was already suffering lupus and could not anymore govern the country by himself but his cohorts. The assassination of his archival, Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr., further tarnished his credibility to govern the nation, not only in the eyes of many who had resisted his regime but the international community led by the United States. The reason on why Ferdinand Marcos called a snap election before American media was to relieve pressures of his regime in the eyes of the American government as he had to rely from them for the survival not only as president but also his planned anointed successor, likely his wife, Imelda.

The presidential campaign for the snap elections was really intense because of mud-slinging from both Marcos and Aquino sides, in order to gain votes for them to assure continuity of the regime beyond 1990 for the Marcoses and reversing all kinds of achievements and excesses of the Marcoses for the Aquinos. On the election day, February 7, 1986, the voting was tense because of harassment done by Marcos supporters to prevent prospective Aquino voters from voting in their respective polling stations and during the counting of votes at the prescient level, there were reports of ballot snatching across the country, especially in areas where Cory Aquino was expected to win, to derail the possibility of Marcos’ defeat in the hands of a mere housewife. When the COMELEC already conducted its quick count for the presidential and vice presidential results, five computer programmers walked out from the Philippine International Convention Center or PICC, the venue of the quick count, claiming that the Marcos camp had already manipulated the results for them. Meanwhile at the Batasang Pambansa, Ferdinand Marcos and his running mate, Arturo Tolentino, were proclaimed by the assemblymen members, mostly came from KBL, after gathering highest number of votes for their respective positions. These post-election turmoils had resulted into protests which were called upon by Jaime Cardinal Sin on February 22, 1986, calling for the resignation of Ferdinand Marcos and eventually millions of disgruntled people went to EDSA to follow Sin’s call and gained further sympathies after Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Constabulary Chief Fidel Ramos defected from the Marcos camp and joined the protesters. On February 25, 1986, both Corazon Aquino and Ferdinand Marcos were inaugurated as presidents of the country where the former made it at the Club Filipino while the latter at the Malacañang, hours later after Cory’s one. At night on the same day, Ferdinand Marcos, together with his First Family and his closest allies fled Malacañang and sent them into exile to Hawaii where three years later, he passed away and after the end of Cory Aquino’s presidency, his body was returned to the country and displayed in his residence in Ilocos Norte, awaiting for a burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in the future.

30 years later, the Aquinos and the Marcoses are still active whether in local and national arenas and in fact, the only son of Ninoy and Cory Aquino, Noynoy, is the current president and expected to end his term at the middle of the year while the only son of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos, Bongbong Marcos, is the current senator and right now, running for vice president and if he wins the position, his presidency in 2022 would be seem to be inevitable. The eldest child of Ferdinand and Imelda, Imee, is the current governor of Ilocos Norte. Imelda herself today is the current representative of the first district of Ilocos Norte. All of the candidates of the current presidential and vice presidential elections are veterans themselves of the Marcos regime like Jejomar Binay, Rodrigo Duterte, Miriam Defensor Santiago and Gregorio Honasan or children of benefactors and opponents of the Marcos regime like Grace Poe, Francis Escudero, and Alan Peter Cayetano and Mar Roxas. Only Leni Robredo who have no family and political connections with the famous people during the Marcos regime. Most of all, one of the key actors of the EDSA I revolution, Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel Ramos, are still alive and politically active until this point and both of them, outlived Cory Aquino, who died in 2009 due to colon cancer and her death brought her only son to the presidency. Heck, Jovito Salonga, one of the fervent opponents of Ferdinand Marcos alongside Ninoy Aquino, is still alive at the age of 95, though no longer active with politics since his final senatorial term ended in 1992!

Indeed, many of the actors of the Marcos regime and the EDSA I revolution have survived after 30 years together with the most Filipino people like my parents, uncles, and aunts who had grown up during the Martial Law years and my grandparents, uncles, and aunts who had both supported or resisted the regime and this is the lesson for everyone especially those who were born after EDSA I revolution like me that we should cherish freedom and democracy bestowed upon us after years of struggle of our parents and grandparents under the midst of the excess of the Marcos regime which should not be repeated in foreseeable future. We should be thankful that we are enjoying the free flow of information via internet which we cannot enjoy if we remain under Martial Law.

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EDSA I Revolution: recall what happened

Scenes of the EDSA I Revolution, 22-25 February 1986.

Scenes of the EDSA I Revolution, 22-25 February 1986.

Today is the 27th anniversary after more than 20 year rule of Ferdinand Marcos ended in a bloodless 4-day massive demonstration at the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue in Quezon City, Metro Manila. The demonstration which turned into a revolution to end the 20-year rule of Ferdinand Marcos was a protest against the alleged electoral fraud committed by Ferdinand Marcos and his party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan during the snap election on 7 February 1986 where the Commission on Elections or COMELEC and the Batasang Pambansa acting as National Board of Canvassers declared the former as the winner for a new 6-year term over Corazon Aquino, widow of late Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. and political nemesis of Ferdinand Marcos while the National Citizens’ Movement for Free Elections or NAMFREL declared the latter as the winner of the snap elections. Ferdinand Marcos declared a snap election on 3 December 1985 before the American television in respond to declining economy, increasing civil discontent, and losing American support of his regime and few days later, the reluctant widow of late Benigno Aquino Jr., Corazon Aquino accepted the clamor to run the presidency for the upcoming snap election.

Ferdinand Marcos’ demise was inevitable way before the EDSA Revolution as the assassination of his nemesis, Benigno Aquino Jr. created a severe economic instability, civil discontent, and losing American support of his regime. Factionalism within his administration was also intense as the last years of his regime, his health was declining as his incapacity was exploited by several factions of his administration to create instability of our country while the other factions were agitating to overthrow Marcos regime by military force. Shortly after the snap election, the Reform the Armed Forces Movement led by Gregorio Honasan backed by Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Constabulary Chief Fidel Ramos was trying to overthrow the falling Marcos regime by a military coup and install a military junta if succeeds, but the military loyalists led by Fabian Ver caught the plot of the RAM to overthrow the regime and the RAM led by their backers, Enrile and Ramos was calling a help from Manila Archbishop, Jaime Cardinal Sin to mobilize people at EDSA for a massive peaceful demonstration to bring the Marcos regime into its knees. The rest is history.