Remembering 30 years ago at EDSA

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Millions flocking at EDSA to call for Ferdinand Marcos’ ouster.

Today is exactly 30 years after Ferdinand Marcos was ousted from power, after more than 20 years as president and dictator, and ascension of Corazon Aquino as president after days of protests at the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or EDSA, as a result of highly polarized but fraudulent results of the snap presidential elections which was called upon by him to quell doubts of his capability to lead the country in midst of declining credibility brought by excesses of Martial Law, assassination of Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino in 1983, severe depression in 1984-85, and presidential succession feud between Imelda Marcos and Juan Ponce Enrile. These events I’ve mentioned, had created doubts whether Ferdinand Marcos could able to survive as president beyond 1990, given the fact that he was already suffering lupus and could not anymore govern the country by himself but his cohorts. The assassination of his archival, Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr., further tarnished his credibility to govern the nation, not only in the eyes of many who had resisted his regime but the international community led by the United States. The reason on why Ferdinand Marcos called a snap election before American media was to relieve pressures of his regime in the eyes of the American government as he had to rely from them for the survival not only as president but also his planned anointed successor, likely his wife, Imelda.

The presidential campaign for the snap elections was really intense because of mud-slinging from both Marcos and Aquino sides, in order to gain votes for them to assure continuity of the regime beyond 1990 for the Marcoses and reversing all kinds of achievements and excesses of the Marcoses for the Aquinos. On the election day, February 7, 1986, the voting was tense because of harassment done by Marcos supporters to prevent prospective Aquino voters from voting in their respective polling stations and during the counting of votes at the prescient level, there were reports of ballot snatching across the country, especially in areas where Cory Aquino was expected to win, to derail the possibility of Marcos’ defeat in the hands of a mere housewife. When the COMELEC already conducted its quick count for the presidential and vice presidential results, five computer programmers walked out from the Philippine International Convention Center or PICC, the venue of the quick count, claiming that the Marcos camp had already manipulated the results for them. Meanwhile at the Batasang Pambansa, Ferdinand Marcos and his running mate, Arturo Tolentino, were proclaimed by the assemblymen members, mostly came from KBL, after gathering highest number of votes for their respective positions. These post-election turmoils had resulted into protests which were called upon by Jaime Cardinal Sin on February 22, 1986, calling for the resignation of Ferdinand Marcos and eventually millions of disgruntled people went to EDSA to follow Sin’s call and gained further sympathies after Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Constabulary Chief Fidel Ramos defected from the Marcos camp and joined the protesters. On February 25, 1986, both Corazon Aquino and Ferdinand Marcos were inaugurated as presidents of the country where the former made it at the Club Filipino while the latter at the Malacañang, hours later after Cory’s one. At night on the same day, Ferdinand Marcos, together with his First Family and his closest allies fled Malacañang and sent them into exile to Hawaii where three years later, he passed away and after the end of Cory Aquino’s presidency, his body was returned to the country and displayed in his residence in Ilocos Norte, awaiting for a burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in the future.

30 years later, the Aquinos and the Marcoses are still active whether in local and national arenas and in fact, the only son of Ninoy and Cory Aquino, Noynoy, is the current president and expected to end his term at the middle of the year while the only son of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos, Bongbong Marcos, is the current senator and right now, running for vice president and if he wins the position, his presidency in 2022 would be seem to be inevitable. The eldest child of Ferdinand and Imelda, Imee, is the current governor of Ilocos Norte. Imelda herself today is the current representative of the first district of Ilocos Norte. All of the candidates of the current presidential and vice presidential elections are veterans themselves of the Marcos regime like Jejomar Binay, Rodrigo Duterte, Miriam Defensor Santiago and Gregorio Honasan or children of benefactors and opponents of the Marcos regime like Grace Poe, Francis Escudero, and Alan Peter Cayetano and Mar Roxas. Only Leni Robredo who have no family and political connections with the famous people during the Marcos regime. Most of all, one of the key actors of the EDSA I revolution, Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel Ramos, are still alive and politically active until this point and both of them, outlived Cory Aquino, who died in 2009 due to colon cancer and her death brought her only son to the presidency. Heck, Jovito Salonga, one of the fervent opponents of Ferdinand Marcos alongside Ninoy Aquino, is still alive at the age of 95, though no longer active with politics since his final senatorial term ended in 1992!

Indeed, many of the actors of the Marcos regime and the EDSA I revolution have survived after 30 years together with the most Filipino people like my parents, uncles, and aunts who had grown up during the Martial Law years and my grandparents, uncles, and aunts who had both supported or resisted the regime and this is the lesson for everyone especially those who were born after EDSA I revolution like me that we should cherish freedom and democracy bestowed upon us after years of struggle of our parents and grandparents under the midst of the excess of the Marcos regime which should not be repeated in foreseeable future. We should be thankful that we are enjoying the free flow of information via internet which we cannot enjoy if we remain under Martial Law.

Why I am not voting for any presidential and vice presidential candidates this coming May 2016 election

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Top (presidential candidates from left to right): Jejomar Binay, Rodrigo Duterte, Grace Poe, Manuel Roxas III, and Miriam Defensor-Santiago. Bottom (vice presidential candidates from left to right): Gregorio Honasan, Alan Peter Cayetano, Francis Escudero, Maria Leonor Robredo, and Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.

Many of my friends, whether online or real life, have been wondering on why I am not going to vote for any presidential or vice presidential candidates this coming May 2016 elections. I have acknowledge that this election season, so far, is the most crucial in our recent history as this year is the 30th year after EDSA I revolution which means it’s already a generation ago and the current president is the son of EDSA I president Corazón Aquino who is Benigno Aquino III. So far, compared with two previous presidential elections I’d followed, most of presidential and vice presidential candidates have already presented their platforms once they are elected this coming May 9. Let me discuss every presidential and vice presidential candidate and why I won’t vote for them.

PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES:

JEJOMAR BINAY

No one can deny the fact that Jejomar Binay is one of the most ambitious among presidential candidates as he has been vying for the presidency since 2008 and supposedly planned to run as president, only gave up because former president Joseph Estrada had declared his intentions to run in 2010 presidential election and to prevent fragmentation of the lower class or masa vote that time, he had to slide down and ran as vice president with Erap and he won as vice president while Erap lost to current president Aquino.

His platform of government is mainly a continuation of the current administration’s one with populist and some reformist twists like deepening the popular Pantawid Pamilya Pilipino Program or 4Ps and amending the economic provisions of the 1987 constitution to align with the ASEAN Integration and future membership with Trans Pacific Partnership or TPP. The downside of his candidacy is that he has been embroiled with corruption allegations when he was the Mayor of Makati and has not answered those allegations before the Senate of course for political reasons and instead, he had preferred to connect himself with the lower class voters who can relate with themselves of who he is, from his physical appearance to his rag-to-rich personal history.

I won’t vote for him because I foresee that despite of his planned reforms on economic provisions in the 1987 constitution, which I have vehemently advocated for years, the country will not get better in the long run as he prefers to maintain the political and business establishments to be in their respective places beyond his presidential term. The country, for sure, cannot tolerate another president who has already have allegations of corruption before being elected as president and many his skeptics have already foreseen him as potentially worse than Marcos, Estrada, and Arroyo combined in terms of managing country’s coffers.

RODRIGO DUTERTE

Rodrigo Duterte is a reluctant presidential candidate like the current president during 2010 presidential campaign. He is only running for president because he is afraid that his opponent, Grace Poe, would win and have the United States dictate the internal policies of the country as she used to be an American citizen. He had always denied presidential run as late as during the filling of Certificate of Candidacy last October because of family reasons like initial opposition from his daughter, Sara, and his advanced age in which he admitted one time that he might die in office, if he is to be elected as president. In the end of the day, he declared his intentions to run as president last November.

His platform of government is all about revamping the system of government from shifting from current unitary to federal form like in the United States and fighting crime and corruption. His platform of government is the dream of many voters in the country who wants dramatic and systematic changes within their lifetimes and of course, there are oppositions from those who have been benefited with the current system. The downside however, is himself because he is willing to bring his style of governance in Davao City to national sphere which for me, it won’t work because local and national government political realities are far different respectively and many people cannot stomach his iron fist style of governance in the national arena due to experience during Ferdinand Marcos presidency.

I won’t vote for him because it would be difficult to fulfill his plan to shift from unitary to federal form within limited 6-year presidential term and also, his plan to fight crime would only deal small time criminals not big time one like drug lords and politicians who have been involved in crime. His plan to fight corruption would obviously enraged politicians, whether his backers or not, and thus, making his plans for constitutional reform difficult without their support. Therefore, his plan for a wholesale structural constitutional reform is improbable for the next 6 years. I won’t vote for someone who is expected to disappoint the people.

GRACE POE

Grace Poe became a presidential aspirant right after her victory as senator in 2013 senatorial election. Since then, the people had been expecting her to run as president because for a reason that she is the adopted daughter of movie star and former 2004 presidential candidate, Fernando Poe, Jr., who lost the election then due to allegations of electoral fraud ordered by former president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Before her declaration of presidential candidacy last September, there were negotiations within the ruling Liberal Party to have her as the vice presidential candidate with Mar Roxas, of course, as presidential candidate. The negotiations broke down because Grace Poe didn’t want to become a mere second-fiddle of Mar Roxas because she knew that being a vice president under potential mediocre Roxas presidency would harm her chances of winning as president in 2022, had initial Roxas-Poe tandem proceed. After the negotiations broke down, she declared herself as presidential candidate and picked Chiz Escudero as her vice presidential candidate and right after the announcement, she led the opinion polls until Duterte’s declaration of his own presidential candidacy.

Her platform of government is actually similar to Binay and Roxas, which I’ll discuss later on, with continuation of most initiatives of current Aquino administration with reformist twists according to her declarations like amending the economic provisions of the 1987 constitution. The downsides of her candidacy are that, she has been embroiled with several disqualification cases against her candidacy due to problems of her residency in the country after she returned from the United States and of course, her foundling status where many law luminaries like Justice Antonio Carpio argued that she must be disqualified because the 1935 constitution, the constitution in force during her birth, never recognized her as natural born because she is a foundling.

I won’t vote for her because of similar reasons of not voting Binay as amending the economic provisions of the 1987 constitution only without planning to proceed to revise the rest of the constitution beyond her presidential term would perpetuate the political and social problems that have been suffering for years. Unlike him, I don’t think she would enrich herself while in office. Another concern would be the possibility of disqualification after taking office and have Chiz succeed her as president and many people cannot stomach to have him as president through succession not election and that’s the another reason on why I won’t vote for her as the country cannot risk itself another constitutional crisis that could put the country once again as one of the laughing stocks in Asia.

MAR ROXAS

Like Jejomar Binay, Mar Roxas has been vying for the office of the president since he was senator, way back 2007, and he had already campaigned for the presidency by the time former president Corazón Aquino died in August 2009 due to colon cancer. The death of former president Cory Aquino changed the landscape of the presidential race that time as many Cory supporters had been clamoring to have her only son, the current president Benigno Aquino III, be the presidential candidate of the Liberal Party. Mar Roxas, after several clamors, eventually slid down from his presidential aspirations and became vice presidential candidate of the current president. The current president eventually won but he unfortunately, lost in a close race to Jejomar Binay. A year later, he was appointed as DOTC secretary and another year later, due to the death of Jesse Robredo via plane crash in Masbate, he was appointed as DILG secretary and as a secretary DILG, he served as one of the closest advisers to the president to the extent that he had acted as de facto president in some instances.

His platform of government is really a total continuation of the policies of current Aquino administration and his presidential campaign right now has been revolving around the slogan of Matuwid na Daan or Straight Path in English. One of the downsides of his candidacy is that he is associated with the blunders committed by the Aquino administration for the last 5 years like his decision to terminate contracts for MRT maintenance, dismal handling of the aftermath of typhoon Yolanda, and inept dealing with the Mamasapano massacre. Another downside of his candidacy is his inability to connect with the majority lower class voters despite of his several posturings or epalisms since he was a senatorial candidate in 2004 and these voters have already been fed up of his actions and want someone who comes from their ranks which he doesn’t come from them.

I won’t for him because the downsides of current administration might worsen the country in the long-run and might tarnish the legacies of Cory and Noynoy presidencies forever through his incompetence in running the country. Without piecemeal constitutional reform as he promised, nothing will occur to our country for good. In other words, Mar Roxas presidency will be the maintenance of the whole status quo since 1986.

MIRIAM DEFENSOR-SANTIAGO

Miriam Defensor-Santiago has already been a presidential candidate for three times and her first attempt in 1992, she nearly won due to division of Cory Aquino votes between Fidel Ramos, Ramón Mitra, Jovito Salonga, and Salvador Laurel and division of Ferdinand Marcos votes between Imelda Marcos and Danding Cojuangco. In her second attempt in 1998, only less than million had voted for her due to Joseph Estrada’s candidacy, thus her candidacy back then was not taken seriously by the people. While her presidential dream had become elusive over time until recently, she has become a senator for two occasions from 1995 to 2001 and from 2004 up to the present and she has passed hundreds or thousands of bills that we are enjoying right now. For me, along with Juan Ponce-Enrile, she is one of the most astute politicians I’ve ever seen because of her ability to stand issues which can be liked by some and be hated by other, thus she’s not afraid of alienation as long as she stand with her principles.

Her platform of government is actually composes of needed social reforms that most of her potential voters, the youth, wanted like anti discrimination law for LGBTs or legalizing divorce. She has also promised like Binay, Poe, and Duterte, to amend the economic provisions of our 1987 constitution. The downsides however, are that she had only announced her candidacy when she thought that Rodrigo Duterte was not running until his eventual declaration in November and thus, her candidacy was unplanned and doesn’t even have political ads on free TV to disseminate her candidacy. Her health is still in question to some despite the fact that her doctors declared her as lung cancer free.

I won’t vote for her because I afraid that her cancer might reappear during her term and if gets worse and die in office, her running mate, Bongbong Marcos, would succeed her as president and people especially the older one who have grown up during Martial Law years, would surely enraged Bongbong presidency especially if he becomes president through succession not election. Another is that, the current presidential system doesn’t suit to Miriam’s style of leadership because she might be tempted to abuse executive power to apply her agenda.

VICE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES:

GRINGO HONASAN

Gringo Honasan only ran for vice president because Jejomar Binay had a hard time to find his vice presidential candidate as leading aspirants like Bongbong Marcos, had rejected his offer, so that, their future presidential candidacies won’t be derailed with an association with corruption-tained Binay. In other words, Gringo is a reluctant candidate for vice president.

I won’t vote for him not because of his history as coup-plotter during Cory Aquino presidency but because he won’t be that productive as vice president compared as a senator right now. His image has been rehabilitated because he has chosen to be a senator not to be as vice president or president that once he aspired when he made coup attempts against former president Cory Aquino and for sure, her supporters would be horrified with his presence in Malacañang.

ALAN PETER CAYETANO

In 2013, Alan Peter Cayetano originally aspired himself to be the president this year and in fact, launched an exploratory committee to find out whether his ambition to become president is feasible or not. The whole thing had changed after the Mamasapano Massacre as he used to be one of the proponents of Bangsamoro Basic Law or BBL and since he knew that BBL had become unpopular among the majority Christian Filipinos, he withdrew from supporting the proposed law and became an ardent opponent of it. His later opposition has angered the Moros who have been expecting the BBL to be passed before the closure of the current 16th Congress and since he knew their opposition and possible backlash to him if he pursued his planned presidential bid, he slid down to vice presidential race and Rodrigo Duterte picked him as his vice presidential candidate.

I won’t vote for him because he’s a typical airhead populist politician who has swayed supporting a bill which could have been good for the Moros for the sake of pandering the sentiments of majority Christian Filipinos who have been opposing the BBL due to lack of understanding with autonomy for the Moros and I don’t want to have him dictate whosoever becomes president in decision-making especially the matters like BBL.

CHIZ ESCUDERO

Chiz Escudero is perhaps, one of the most ambitious politicians in our generation because of the fact that he served as one of the ardent critics of previous Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo administration and many people have had adored his opposition to unpopular Arroyo that time. He was the responsible person who made Jejomar Binay’s vice presidency possible while at the same time, he campaigned the presidential candidacy of the current president who is his close friend. But, his friendship with the current president was not reciprocated by the latter during the first three years of the administration because the president had preferred Mar Roxas instead of him and that was the reason when the time Grace Poe was elected as senator and her presidential candidacy became inevitable, he moved closer to her and became her closest adviser as he used to be the closest adviser to her adopted father in 2004 and because of that, he was rewarded by becoming her vice presidential candidate.

I won’t vote for him because he’s an obvious a power hungry person and ready to back stab any politicians he felt never followed his personal ambitions to become president someday. Politics aside, he broke his own family by abandoning his first wife and his children to marry his current wife, Heart Evangelista, despite the fact that Heart’s parents had opposed her marriage with a politician like Chiz. If he becomes vice president while Grace Poe is disqualified while in office, he would become the president through succession and people don’t want to repeat the EDSA II fiasco anytime soon, so no to Chiz Escudero.

LENI ROBREDO

Leni Robredo like Gringo Honasan, is a reluctant vice presidential candidate, as Mar Roxas like Jejomar Binay, had a hard time to find his vice presidential candidate after negotiations with Grace Poe to have her as his vice presidential candidate, broke down due to conflicting ambitions. Since Grace Poe was already off the table, the Liberal Party tried to convince the widow of late DILG Secretary Jesse Robredo, Leni, to run as vice president for Mar Roxas. At first, she turned down the offer but after several weeks before the filing of Certificate of Candidacy in October, she finally accepted the offer of the Liberal Party to become its vice presidential candidate.

I won’t vote for her because for me, she is too premature to join national politics especially becoming vice president or president given that she had only entered politics, less than a year after the unfortunate plane crash of her husband in Masbate, and our recent experience shows that those who have lesser experiences in LGU and Congressional politics, have a hard time to adjust him/herself to the responsibilities as vice president and especially, president. The current president is the manifestation of that inexperience, although he had been 12 years in the Congress, he had a hard time to adjust to higher executive job as critics would like to say that his government is akin to a typical supreme student government in schools and universities. I don’t want the experience of the current president be repeated to Leni even though she is running for vice president. She should have run as senator this election instead as vice president.

BONGBONG MARCOS

Like Chiz Escudero, Bongbong Marcos is also one of the most ambitious politicians in our generation as being one of the heirs of Ferdinand Marcos and many people have expected that he could restore the upsides of his father even though many of those who have expecting him were not born yet during the regime of Ferdinand Marcos. Many Marcos opponents had taught that EDSA I revolution would be the end of Marcos political hegemony but they were wrong as few years after the revolution, Marcos family was able to restore electoral politics where Bongbong’s elder sister became congresswoman representing Ilocos Norte, he himself became governor of Ilocos Norte, and his mother, Imelda, has become congresswoman of Ilocos Norte today despite of her advanced age. As senator, he has never disappointed his supporters and has proved his critics wrong by passing several bills that have become laws in which ironically, many of those are being supported by the current Aquino administration. The downside however of his vice presidential candidacy is that he carries the baggage of being a Marcos and many people especially those who suffered the atrocities of Martial Law including the family of the current president, won’t accept to have him in Malacañang in the future as president, so while he is still running as vice president, they will find ways to stop him from getting the second highest position in the country as they knew that once he wins the vice presidency, his presidency would be inevitable.

Perhaps, he’s the most qualified person to become vice president but I won’t vote for him because I don’t want political dynasties in the national sphere be perpetuated with his future vice presidency or presidency itself. I don’t want also that if Miriam wins and dies in office, he would succeed her through succession because becoming a president through succession would become someone less legitimate in the eyes of the people and I don’t want to happen that to Bongbong. I have foreseen him actually as the winner of the vice presidential race because of the fact that he’s the only vice presidential candidate well known across regions and social classes.

CONCLUDING REMARKS

Even though I’m not going to vote with anyone of presidential or vice presidential candidates, but I’m ready to work with whosoever wins as president and vice president because I have already a vision for a better Philippines and I want not just the expected winners of this election but the future leaders to educate and understand my visions for a better Philippines be applied, so that future generations should enjoy before I die of advanced age.

 

 

 

 

EDSA I Revolution: recall what happened

Scenes of the EDSA I Revolution, 22-25 February 1986.

Scenes of the EDSA I Revolution, 22-25 February 1986.

Today is the 27th anniversary after more than 20 year rule of Ferdinand Marcos ended in a bloodless 4-day massive demonstration at the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue in Quezon City, Metro Manila. The demonstration which turned into a revolution to end the 20-year rule of Ferdinand Marcos was a protest against the alleged electoral fraud committed by Ferdinand Marcos and his party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan during the snap election on 7 February 1986 where the Commission on Elections or COMELEC and the Batasang Pambansa acting as National Board of Canvassers declared the former as the winner for a new 6-year term over Corazon Aquino, widow of late Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. and political nemesis of Ferdinand Marcos while the National Citizens’ Movement for Free Elections or NAMFREL declared the latter as the winner of the snap elections. Ferdinand Marcos declared a snap election on 3 December 1985 before the American television in respond to declining economy, increasing civil discontent, and losing American support of his regime and few days later, the reluctant widow of late Benigno Aquino Jr., Corazon Aquino accepted the clamor to run the presidency for the upcoming snap election.

Ferdinand Marcos’ demise was inevitable way before the EDSA Revolution as the assassination of his nemesis, Benigno Aquino Jr. created a severe economic instability, civil discontent, and losing American support of his regime. Factionalism within his administration was also intense as the last years of his regime, his health was declining as his incapacity was exploited by several factions of his administration to create instability of our country while the other factions were agitating to overthrow Marcos regime by military force. Shortly after the snap election, the Reform the Armed Forces Movement led by Gregorio Honasan backed by Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Constabulary Chief Fidel Ramos was trying to overthrow the falling Marcos regime by a military coup and install a military junta if succeeds, but the military loyalists led by Fabian Ver caught the plot of the RAM to overthrow the regime and the RAM led by their backers, Enrile and Ramos was calling a help from Manila Archbishop, Jaime Cardinal Sin to mobilize people at EDSA for a massive peaceful demonstration to bring the Marcos regime into its knees. The rest is history.

Politicizing the severe flooding in Metro Manila

Repacked noddles with the Yellow Ribbon, symbol of Aquino-Cojuangco’s political hegemony.

Just few hours ago on my Facebook news feed, I saw a picture (above) that contains a repacked noodles with the Yellow Ribbon which symbolizes with a political color.

The Yellow Ribbon symbolizes the hegemony of the Aquino-Cojuangco families in Philippine politics for the last centuries and was used during the 1986 EDSA Revolution that brought Ferdinand Marcos and his cronies into the knees and installing a member of the Cojuangco family in the person of Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino, a housewife and widow of the assasinated former Senator, Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino, Jr. Their only son is the current President of the Philippines, Benigno Simeon “Noynoy” Aquino III.

I got irritated when I first saw the picture of a repacked noodles with the label of the political symbol of the Aquino-Cojuangco families as helping anyone especially the victims of severe flooding in Metro Manila doesn’t need to use their personal image and political aspirations to impress the needy people during the difficult times.

Our President instead of being a inspiration and a model during this difficult times in Metro Manila, he became a divisive person in front of the victims of severe flooding as the President used this disaster again to blame the past government of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo with the severe flooding where in fact, he (and practically all residents of Metro Manila) was also to be blamed with the severe flooding happened in Metro Manila due to its negligence on disaster preparedness like cancelling a dredging contract with a Belgan contractor that could have minimize the flood supposedly.

Any politicians who wants to help anyone else during a natural disaster are fine for me but mixing their political colors and aspirations in any packed or canned goods just to impress the needy ones for political advancement are really disgusting.

The Supreme Court orders to compensate the Cojuangcos according to 1989 price

The Supreme Court on Tuesday upheld its November 2011 decision that just compensation for Hacienda Luisita in Tarlac province should be pegged on the value of the estate in 1989, and not on a higher valuation based on 2006 prices sought by the Cojuangco family, owners of the sugar plantation.

The high court’s final and executory ruling did not encompass an actual price for the sugar estate, but militants placed the 1989 value of the 4,335-hectare Hacienda Luisita at P173 million.

SC Administrator Justice Midas Marquez said the 8-6 vote settled the issue of which property valuation to use–1989 or 2006–in paying the Cojuangcos for distributing the plantation to its 6,000 tenant farmers.

It was not an open-ended decision that would have given the Department of Agrarian Reform or a special agrarian court the final say on the issue of just compensation for the Cojuangcos, he said.

For me, this latest decision gives the Hacienda Luisita farmers their long-awaited justice of owning the land that should have been theirs a years ago but the owners, the Cojuangco family constantly disobey the agreement with the government of redistributing the Hacienda Luisita way back in 1968 when the Cojuangco family through Ninoy Aquino managed to maintain the Hacienda Luisita’s control to theirs in spite of an agreement ten years earlier. In 1980, Ferdinand Marcos ordered to redistribute the Hacienda Luisita but it was never materialized because of opposition from the Jose Cojuangco’s family side through Ninoy Aquino (his wife was a daughter of Jose Cojuangco, Sr.) then EDSA I Revolution came in 1986 that propelled Cory Aquino to the presidency. In 1987, a year after the EDSA I, some Hacienda Luisita farmers stromed into Mendiola in a protest with the simple goal of redistributing the Hacienda, but what happened? some of them were massacred by the police forces who guarded the Mendiola Bridge to prevent any protesters to strom Malacañang directly. That massacre haunted Cory Aquino’s reputation as a savior of all Filipinos forever and forces her to enact a watered down “Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program” in 1988.

The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program exempt the entire Hacienda Luisita from redistribution to the farmers by enacting and applying the option of “Stock Distribution Option” on which according to that provision, the farmers can own or have a part in Hacienda Luisita as stock holders however that’s not enough and in fact in spite of that, the Cojuangco family still considers them as a serf instead of a stock holder like in a typical business establishments as the Cojuangco family maintains the tight grip on ownership of the Hacienda.

Because of increasing poverty especially in the areas of Hacienda Luisita, the farmers decided to make a protest again to hear their plea for total ownership of a land they cultivated for many years in 2004 but what happened? like in Mendiola Massacre, 17 years earlier, some of the farmers were massacred allegedly with the direct order of the Cojuangco family. They were dispersed but their fight never stopped but instead that massacre encourage them to fight more for justifiable land distribution.

In November 2011, the Supreme Court ordered to redistribute the Hacienda Luisita once and for all with unanimous decision among the justices but it was not a final and executory. However, that decision seems to be unacceptable for the Cojuangco family of course as one of the members of their family, through the president Noynoy Aquino initiated a demolition job of destroying the pillar and integrity of the Supreme Court by impeaching the Chief Justice, Renato C. Corona with the alleged charges of unexplained wealth while he’s the Chief Justice and even before he took that position.

I hope that justice will be served once and for all and both sides should follow the Rule of Law whether the farmers or the Cojuangco family for the betterment of this country.