Why Obama won re-election

Breakdown of electoral votes where Obama and Romney won by state

It has been four days after the incumbent President Barack Obama won an another four-year term as the President of the United States over Mitt Romney. I was not surprised that Obama won with 332 electoral votes over Mitt Romney, who got 206 electoral votes. However, in terms of popular votes, it was a close race between them as Obama barely got half of 61,907,639 or 50.5% while Mitt Romney got the another half of  58,648,640 or 49.5%. but the closeness of the popular votes does not matter in the discussion as the selection for the next president will be decided by the Electoral College composed of 538 electors chosen by their respective states.

Many said that Obama won despite a lousy economic recovery was due to Mitt Romney’s pandering the sentiments of the old white electorates like hardline stand on immigration, same-sex marriages, marijuana legalization, dealing with China and the Middle East, and corporate welfare which for me was true as the electoral base of Mitt Romney had been declining even before the election and still had to win support from the largest Republican voter, the white Evangelical electorates from the Southeastern part of the United States. It would had been impossible to get the Republican presidential nomination for Mitt Romney if he did not pander the voting sentiments of the white Evangelical electorates as Mitt Romney during the Republican presidential nominee was more moderate and winnable than his rivals like Rick Santorum, Newt Gingrich, Rick Perry, Herman Cain, Michelle Bachmann, and Ron Paul.

Mitt Romney could have won the election had he moderate his immigration stance like supporting the DREAM Act in order to gain a chunk of Hispanic electorates but instead, he lost miserably the votes of the Hispanics to Barack Obama. Romney’s flip flopping stance didn’t help him either.

The increasing Millennial (born between the 1980s up to present), Hispanic, Asian, and of course monolithic African American electorates was the source of electoral victory for Barack Obama last Tuesday. Barack Obama was able to consolidate the sentiments of emerging electorate like reforming the immigration laws through the DREAM Act, legalizing the same-sex marriages by state legislation, legalizing the usage of marijuana by state legislation, increased social spending, and withdrawal of US armed troops from Iraq and Afghanistan.

In order for the Republican Party to be competitive with the changing demographics of the United States, they should moderate the social stance like the issue of legalizing same-sex marriages, legalizing marijuana, legalizing abortion, increased spending on stem-cell research, and moderate immigration policy especially to the Hispanics. The Republican Party should realize their foreign policy platform of American Exceptionalism cannot work in an increasing multipolar and more globally integrated world like their hardline stand on Iran, China, Cuba, or many other countries that they perceived as the America’s enemy. The Republican Party should also return to their economic conservatism roots like reduced government spending on military, subsidizing failing corporations, and subsidizing big farm interests.