Today is the 11th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks at the World Trade Center twin towers in Manhattan, New York and at a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. These three successive suicide attacks with the first two at the World Trade Center and the last one at the Shanksville, Pennsylvania caused millions of dollars of damages and thousands of casualties.
The 9/11 attacks was also the start of the 21st century as the events before the attacks was the continuation of the unrivaled peace and prosperity of the United States for almost ten years after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The economic, political effects and the American’s reaction of the 9/11 was the triggering reason for the War of Terrorism initiated by the United States and its allies like the United Kingdom and Australia to curb the spread of Islamic extremism through Al-Qaeda as a result of faulty American foreign policies regarding in Middle East, way back the Arab-Jewish partition of Palestine.
A month after the 9/11 attacks, the United States and its allies including the Philippines attacked Afghanistan in order to hunt Bin Ladin, the principal perpetrator of the 9/11 attacks and to dismantle the Al-Qaeda movement, Islamic extremist movement founded by Osama Bin Ladin.
At first, the Coalition Forces led by the United States succeeded in overthrowing the Taliban-led government in Afghanistan, the principal allies of the Al-Qaeda movement fighting the Coalition Forces. However, it did not bring an everlasting peace in Afghanistan until this moment as the newly-installed democratic government with the help of the Coalition Forces have to fight the militias sympathizing the causes of Taliban and the Al-Qaeda.
The goal of the Coalition Forces to capture Osama Bin Ladin had been failed as Osama managed to escape to Pakistan and had to hide in a safety compound near the capital of Pakistan, Islamabad. He was killed later by the US soldiers on 2 May 2011.
The second major war by the United States and its allies like United Kingdom, Australia, Poland, and Spain attacked Iraq led by Saddam Hussein with the objective of destroying the alleged weapons of mass destruction possession by Iraq which was later found out that there was not.
Second objective was to overthrow Saddam Hussein from power as he was allegedly collaborated with the Al-Qaeda to attack the US during the 9/11. The US and its allies fulfilled their mission as Saddam was overthrown from power, months after the start of the Iraq War due to decreasing support from Iraqis and continuous attacks by the US and UK forces. Saddam hid after his deposition in a compound in Iraq and captured in December 2003. He was tried before the court conducted by the Iraqi Interim Government and was executed by hanging for his crimes committed against the humanity.
The same as in Afghanistan, the deposition of Saddam Hussein from power did not bring everlasting peace in Iraq as ethno, political, and religious factions from the sectors of Iraqi society fought for control of the whole Iraq vacated after Saddam’s deposition.
The reactions after the 9/11 attacks by Al-Qaeda created more deaths than what happened during the 9/11 itself as the US and its allied countries had to spend money, waste soldier and civilian lives just to eradicate the Islamic extremism, indirectly created by the faults of the US, half centuries back.
The 9/11 attacks ended the US monopoly in cultural, economic, and political supremacy as the competing countries like China, and Russia used the 9/11 events to consolidate their respective strengths while the US was suffering from cultural, economic, and political downturns as a result of the 9/11 attacks.
The 9/11 attacks proved that the United States was not an indivisible country as they thought. It was proved also that the United States should not be forceful on spreading their cultural, economic, and political aspects in other countries especially Iraq and Afghanistan.
The United States should learn on how to work with harmonious diplomacy in these globalizing world where almost all cultures not just Americans spreads widely that conflicts are inevitable and be solved only with cooperation and diplomacy. In order for the United States to maintain its superpower status in a long-run, they should realize that they have to learn the sensibilities of other cultures while spreading their cultural, economic, and political aspects to them.
We should remember that a more prosperous, peaceful, and open-minded United States leads into a more more prosperous, peaceful, and open-minded world.